download 2016 Nissan Altima Coupe Maintenance Manual torrent. Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Design [ ] It employed a hemispherical, -driven and eight (two per cylinder). United States passenger car versions had a small secondary intake valve referred to as the 'Jet Valve'.
ENGINE Workshop Manual 4D5(W-E) Author: Made by MMC Subject: 11B,Engine,English Created Date: 9/22/1999 9:16:29 AM. ENGINE Workshop Manual 4D5(W-E) Author: Made by MMC Subject: 11B,Engine,English Created Date: 9/22/1999 9:16:29 AM.
This valve induced swirl in the intake charge, enabling the use of leaner fuel/air mixtures for lower emissions. It was designed as a cartridge containing the valve spring and seat which simply screwed into a threaded hole in the head, similar to a but inside the cam cover. The for the intake valve were widened on the valve end to accommodate the cartridge, which was equipped with a very soft valve spring in order to avoid wear on the camshaft intake lobe. Modifications to the head were thereby reduced as the Jet Valve negated the necessity for a three-valve-per-cylinder design. In 1975, the Astron 80 introduced a system dubbed 'Silent Shaft': the first use of twin in a modern engine. download free Melex 512 Golf Cart Manual there. It followed the designs of, whose original patents Mitsubishi had obtained, and proved influential as /, and all licensed this technology.